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California Took on Anti-Vaxxers, and Won

California Took on Anti-Vaxxers, and Won

By Dennis ThompsonHealthDay Reporter Latest Healthy Kids News TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — California’s crackdown on childhood vaccination exemptions cut in half the percentage of kindergartners who didn’t have their required immunizations, a new study shows. The rate of kindergartners without up-to-date vaccinations decreased from around 10% in 2013 to about 5% in […]

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Anticholinergic and Antispasmodic Drugs

Anticholinergic and Antispasmodic Drugs

What are anticholinergic drugs? Anticholinergic and antispasmodic drugs include a broad class of medications that are used to treat various medical conditions that involve contraction and relaxation of muscles. Examples of these conditions include overactive bladder, muscle spasms, breathing problems, diarrhea, gastrointestinal cramps, movement disorders, and others. Anticholinergics work by blocking the action of acetylcholine […]

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cimetidine, Tagamet HB

cimetidine, Tagamet HB

What is cimetidine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Cimetidine is a drug that blocks the production of acid by acid-producing cells in the stomach and can be administered orally, IM or IV. It belongs to a class of drugs called H2 (histamine-2) blockers that also includes ranitidine (Zantac), nizatidine (Axid), and famotidine […]

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Cirrhosis (Liver)

Cirrhosis (Liver)

Liver (hepatic) complications of cirrhosis Liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) Cirrhosis due to any cause increases the risk of primary liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma). Primary refers to the fact that the tumor originates in the liver. A secondary liver cancer is one that originates elsewhere in the body and spreads (metastasizes) to the liver. The most […]

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metformin and sitagliptin (Janumet)

metformin and sitagliptin (Janumet)

What is metformin and sitagliptin? What is Janumet used for? Janumet is a combination of two drugs, metformin and sitagliptin, that are used for reducing blood glucose (sugar) levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes. The FDA approved Janumet in March 2007. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. It limits blood glucose levels […]

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fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem, Prozac Weekly)

fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem, Prozac Weekly)

Which drugs or supplements interact with fluoxetine? Taking fluoxetine with other drugs that make you sleepy or slow your breathing can cause dangerous side effects or death. Ask your doctor before taking a sleeping pill, narcotic pain medicine, prescription cough medicine, a muscle relaxant, or medicine for anxiety, depression, or seizures. Many drugs can interact […]

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For Many, Pot Is Now an Alternative to Opioids or Sleep Meds

For Many, Pot Is Now an Alternative to Opioids or Sleep Meds

By Steven ReinbergHealthDay Reporter Latest Chronic Pain News TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In places where it’s legal, people are often turning to pot to relieve pain and insomnia, a new study finds. For many, cannabis is replacing over-the-counter painkillers, prescription opioids and sleep aids. “These aren’t the only reasons people are using […]

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Hip Bursitis

Cortisone Injection Treatment for Hip Bursitis For what conditions are cortisone injections used? Cortisone injections can be used to treat the inflammation of small areas of the body (local injections), or they can be used to treat inflammation that is widespread throughout the body (systemic injections). Examples of conditions for which local cortisone injections are […]

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diclofenac, Voltaren, Cataflam, Voltaren-XR, Cambia

What is diclofenac, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Diclofenac belongs to a class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that are used for the treatment of mild to moderate pain, fever, and inflammation. Other members of this class include ibuprofen (Motrin), indomethacin (Indocin), nabumetone (Relafen), naproxen (Aleve) and several others. NSAIDs […]