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Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Polymyalgia Rheumatica

REFERENCES: Aikawa, N.E., et al. “Anti-TNF therapy for polymyalgia rheumatica: report of 99 cases and review of the literature.” Clin Rheumatol 31.3 Mar. 2012: 575-579. Buttgereit, F., C. Dejaco, E.L. Matteson, and B. Dasgupta. “Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis: A Systematic Review.” JAMA 315 (2016): 2442. Caporali, R., M.A. Cimmino, G. Ferraccioli, et al. […]

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Everything you need to know about convulsions

Everything you need to know about convulsions

A convulsion is a general term that people use to describe uncontrollable muscle contractions. Some people may use it interchangeably with the word “seizure,” although a seizure refers to an electrical disturbance in the brain. Seizures may cause a person to have convulsions, but this is not always the case. In this article, learn more […]

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What are the stages of multiple sclerosis?

What are the stages of multiple sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis is a complex disease that affects the central nervous system. There are four main types, which differ in their stages or progression. Learning about each type of multiple sclerosis (MS) may help a person gain a better understanding of the disease and its possible treatments following a diagnosis. MS symptoms occur as a […]

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Home remedies for calluses

Home remedies for calluses

Calluses are hard, thick areas of skin that are often uncomfortable. They are rarely serious, and a number of simple home remedies can help reduce their appearance. Excessive pressure or rubbing can cause calluses to develop on almost any area of skin. Common locations for calluses include the feet, the fingertips, and the palms of […]

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How to soothe a baby crying in their sleep

How to soothe a baby crying in their sleep

When a baby begins crying in their sleep, caregivers may worry that something is wrong. However, in most cases, for babies, crying while asleep is a phase rather than a sign of a serious problem. For many caregivers, sleep-related issues are among the biggest challenges during the baby and toddler years. Sleep problems are common, […]

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How to tell if contractions are real

How to tell if contractions are real

Real contractions follow a consistent pattern, while Braxton-Hicks contractions vary in duration and frequency. Braxton-Hicks contractions also tend to be less painful and usually only cause discomfort in the front of the abdomen. Braxton-Hicks contractions simulate real contractions to prepare the body for labor. However, they do not lead to labor. Real contractions only occur […]

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11 causes of swollen ankles

11 causes of swollen ankles

There are many different causes of swollen ankles. In most cases, swelling is due to injury or edema. The term edema means swelling due to the accumulation of excess fluid. It is particularly common in the lower leg, ankles, and feet. In this article, we look at 11 causes of swollen ankles and cover some […]

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What to know about psoriatic arthritis of the knee

What to know about psoriatic arthritis of the knee

Psoriatic arthritis can develop in people who have psoriasis, and it affects many joints, including the knee. Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes skin cells to build up and form patches of itchy, dry skin called plaques. If a person with psoriasis develops psoriatic arthritis as well, it may cause one or more joints, […]

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How long can a person live with HIV?

How long can a person live with HIV?

The life expectancy of a person living with HIV has improved dramatically over recent years. Thanks to advances in treatment, namely antiretroviral therapy, people living with HIV can now expect to live long, healthy lives. When the HIV and AIDS epidemic began in the United States in the 1980s, HIV was a life-threatening condition. However, […]