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opium tincture

opium tincture

What is tincture of opium liquid, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Opium tincture is an oral liquid medication used to control diarrhea. Opium tincture contains morphine which is an opioid pain reliever. Opioids can reduce gastrointestinal motility, propulsion, secretions, and increase gastrointestinal muscle tone. These effects help in controlling diarrhea. Opium tincture […]

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glycopyrrolate (Robinul, Cuvposa)

glycopyrrolate (Robinul, Cuvposa)

What is glycopyrrolate, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Glycopyrrolate is a synthetic anti-cholinergic medication. Glycopyrrolate works by blocking acetylcholine activity on smooth muscles and other tissues. Acetylcholine is neurotransmitter, a chemical that nerves use for communicating. Blocking of acetylcholine leads to decrease in volume and acidity of stomach secretions and decrease in […]

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atropine (Atreza)

atropine (Atreza)

What is atropine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Atropine belongs to a class of medications known as anticholinergics or antimuscarinics. Atropine occurs naturally and is extracted from the belladonna alkaloid plant. Atropine works by blocking the actions of a chemical called acetylcholine. Atropine has numerous uses in clinical medicine and is available […]

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trimipramine (Surmontil)

trimipramine (Surmontil)

What is trimipramine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Trimipramine is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) in the same family as amitriptyline (Elavil), imipramine (Tofranil), nortriptyline (Pamelor; Aventyl), and desipramine (Norpramin). Trimipramine works by raising the brain’s level of norepinephrine (a neurotransmitter) to more normal levels. It also has anti-cholinergic actions (opposing the effects […]

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chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone, Tussionex, TussiCaps, Tussionex Pennkinetic, Vituz

chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone, Tussionex, TussiCaps, Tussionex Pennkinetic, Vituz

What is chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Tussionex is a combination of an antihistamine that blocks allergic reactions and reduces the production of mucus (chlorpheniramine), and a narcotic that relieves pain and cough (hydrocodone). Tussionex is a liquid that slowly releases the chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone after it is ingested. […]

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Opioid Rxs Decreasing, But Not for All Doctors

Opioid Rxs Decreasing, But Not for All Doctors

By Serena GordonHealthDay Reporter Latest Chronic Pain News WEDNESDAY, March 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Doctors may be pulling out their prescription pads less often for opioid medications, but not everyone’s on the same page yet. New research found that initial prescriptions for the addictive painkillers have dropped by around 50 percent. “The good news […]

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ezetimibe and simvastatin, Vytorin

ezetimibe and simvastatin, Vytorin

What is ezetimibe and simvastatin, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Vytorin is a combination of ezetimibe (Zetia) and simvastatin (Zocor) that is used for treating high levels of cholesterol in the blood. Vytorin reduces total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein (LDL or “bad”) cholesterol while it increases high density lipoprotein (HDL or […]

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letrozole (Femara)

letrozole (Femara)

What is letrozole, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Letrozole is an oral, anti-estrogen drug that is used for treating postmenopausal women with breast cancer. The growth of some breast cancers in postmenopausal women is promoted by estrogens that circulate in the blood, and the adrenal glands are the main source of these […]

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Scientists Spot Clues to Predicting Breast Cancer’s Return

Scientists Spot Clues to Predicting Breast Cancer’s Return

By Amy NortonHealthDay Reporter Latest Cancer News WEDNESDAY, March 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Figuring out which breast cancer patients will live disease-free after treatment is a bit of a guessing game. But new research indicates breast cancer cells hold molecular clues that may allow doctors to predict who is at high risk of having […]

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leuprolide (Lupron, Eligard)

leuprolide (Lupron, Eligard)

What is leuprolide, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Leuprolide is an injectable, man-made hormone that is used for treating prostate cancer, endometriosis, central precocious puberty (early onset of puberty), and fibroids. It is similar to but stronger than human gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH). GnRH is made in the hypothalamus (a part of […]