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venlafaxine, Effexor XR (Effexor has been discontinued in the US)

venlafaxine, Effexor XR (Effexor has been discontinued in the US)

What is venlafaxine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Venlafaxine is a selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used for treating depression. Other drugs in this class include milnacipran (Savella), duloxetine (Cymbalta), and desvenlafaxine (Pristiq). Venlafaxine affects neurotransmitters, the chemicals that nerves within the brain make and release in order to communicate […]

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dronabinol (Marinol, THC)

dronabinol (Marinol, THC)

What is dronabinol-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Dronabinol (Marinol) is a man-made compound that contains cannabinoids found in the marijuana plant (Cannabis sativa L). Dronabinol contains tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in standardized concentrations and does not contain other compounds found in street marijuana that is not approved by the FDA for medical use. […]

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Melanoma

Melanoma

Melanoma Symptoms and Signs Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that forms in pigment-forming cells (melanocytes). (A mole, or melanocytic nevus, is a benign tumor of these pigment-forming cells.) Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer. Rarely, melanomas can be found in other areas of the body that contain pigment-forming cells, including […]

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Childhood Brain Tumor Survivors Face More Struggles

Childhood Brain Tumor Survivors Face More Struggles

Latest Cancer News TUESDAY, June 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Adult survivors of childhood brain tumors often face intellectual and financial struggles, a new study finds. Advances in treatment have prolonged the lives of many childhood brain tumor patients, but survivors may have to contend with a number of effects from the disease and its […]

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etodolac, Lodine (Discontinued)

What is etodolac? What is etodolac used for? Etodolac belongs to a class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Other members of this class include ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, etc.), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), indomethacin (Indocin), nabumetone (Relafen) and numerous others. These drugs are used for the management of mild to moderate pain, fever, and […]

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phenylbutazone (Butazolidine)

What is phenylbutazone, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Phenylbutazone is prescribed to treat inflammation and pain that results from ankylosing spondylitits, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and osteoarthritis. Phenylbutazone has been removed from the United States market due to the availability of newer drugs with less adverse effects. Phenylbutazone is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug […]

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Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

REFERENCES: Bossini-Castillo, L., et al. “A genome-wide association study of rheumatoid arthritis without antibodies against citrullinated peptides.” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 74 (2015): e15. Costenbader, Karen H., and Elizabeth W. Karlson. “Epstein-Barr Virus and Rheumatoid Arthritis: Is There a Link?” Arthritis Res Ther 8.1 (2006): 204. Crane, M.M., et al. “Epidemiology and Treatment of […]

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Hypertension: Looking beyond the classic risk factors

Hypertension: Looking beyond the classic risk factors

A recent study examines the relationship between where people live and the risk of developing hypertension and metabolic syndrome. The authors conclude that the location and type of home could play a significant role. How does the local environment impact hypertension risk? According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), hypertension, or high […]

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clindamycin vaginal suppository (Cleocin)

clindamycin vaginal suppository (Cleocin)

What is clindamycin? What is clindamycin used for? Clindamycin vaginal cream is indicated for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis (formerly referred to as Haemophilus vaginitis, Gardnerella vaginitis, nonspecific vaginitis, Corynebacterium vaginitis, or anaerobic vaginosis) in non-pregnant women. Clindamycin in general is an antibiotic used for treating several other infections as well. It is effective against […]