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candesartan cilexetil, Atacand

candesartan cilexetil, Atacand

What is candesartan, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Candesartan cilexetil (candesartan) is a drug used for treating high blood pressure (hypertension). It is in a class of drugs called angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) which includes losartan (Cozaar), valsartan (Diovan), and irbesartan (Avapro). Angiotensin, formed in the blood by the action of angiotensin […]

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ramipril (Altace)

ramipril (Altace)

What is ramipril, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Ramipril belongs to a class of drugs called angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors that are used for treating high blood pressure, heart failure and for preventing kidney failure due to high blood pressure and diabetes. Other ACE inhibitors include enalapril (Vasotec), quinapril (Accupril), captopril […]

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Health Tip: Make Snow Days Heart-Safe

Health Tip: Make Snow Days Heart-Safe

(HealthDay News) — For some, strenuous winter activities can be hard on the heart. Simply walking through or shoveling snow can be especially dangerous for those with cardiovascular disease, the American Heart Association says. Latest Heart News To make snowy days safer, the AHA suggests: Take breaks. Learn the heart attack warning signs. Avoid alcohol […]

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

What are side effects of HIV therapy? There are many potential side effects associated with antiviral therapies. The most common ones for each class of drug are summarized in readily available product information. Some specific toxicities are summarized by class below. NRTIs Most NRTIs can cause mild nausea and loose stools. In general, these symptoms […]

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esomeprazole (Nexium)

esomeprazole (Nexium)

What is esomeprazole, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Esomeprazole is in a class of drugs called proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) which block the production of acid by the stomach. Other drugs in the same class include omeprazole (Prilosec), lansoprazole (Prevacid), rabeprazole (Aciphex) and pantoprazole (Protonix). Chemically, esomeprazole is very similar to omeprazole. […]

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diphenoxylate and atropine (Lomotil)

diphenoxylate and atropine (Lomotil)

What is diphenoxylate and atropine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Lomotil is a combination of two drugs, diphenoxylate and atropine. It is used to treat acute diarrhea (diarrhea of limited duration). Diphenoxylate is a man-made narcotic chemically related to meperidine (Demerol). Like other narcotics, diphenoxylate reduces diarrhea by interfering with the propulsion […]

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Health Tip: Dietary Fat Finds

Health Tip: Dietary Fat Finds

(HealthDay News) — Some diets encourage fats and some advocate against them. But which is healthiest? Latest Diet & Weight Management News Researchers at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health agree that there is no universally optimal amount of fat consumption. For most people who want to maintain a healthy weight and lower […]

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Coping With Diabetes Is a Family Affair

Coping With Diabetes Is a Family Affair

By Serena GordonHealthDay Reporter Latest Diabetes News FRIDAY, March 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — When Giuseppina Miller’s 8-year-old son, Peter, was first diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, he necessarily got a lot of his parents’ attention. “We tried to adjust pretty well, but I was getting no sleep because I had to check his blood […]

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tramadol and acetaminophen (Ultracet)

tramadol and acetaminophen (Ultracet)

What is tramadol and acetaminophen, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Ultracet is a combination of two drugs, tramadol (Ultram) and acetaminophen (Tylenol) that is used to relieve moderate, acute pain such as pain following dental or surgical procedures. Tramadol and acetaminophen each relieve pain, but they do so by different mechanisms. Tramadol […]