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Switching off this enzyme reversed prediabetes in mice

Switching off this enzyme reversed prediabetes in mice

Targeting the body’s ceramide chemistry in a subtle way could lead to the development of safe new treatments for type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and other metabolic conditions. Scientists have reversed prediabetes by switching off a certain enzyme. This was the suggestion that scientists made after finding that they could reverse prediabetes in mice with […]

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What happens in the brain when we are bored?

What happens in the brain when we are bored?

In people who are prone to boredom, this state can negatively affect their mental health. So, what happens in the brain when we get bored, and how can this help us find ways of dealing with boredom? A new study investigates. What happens in the brains of people who are prone to boredom? New research […]

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Beating addiction: Why our brains may struggle to ignore alcohol, food cues

Beating addiction: Why our brains may struggle to ignore alcohol, food cues

New research offers fascinating insights into how our brains ignore environmental cues of addictive substances or habits, why it’s harder to ignore such cues when we’re stressed, and how we might be able to beat addiction. New research explains why we sometimes find it so hard to ignore the sight of a delicious-looking drink. If […]

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Can treadmill exercise relieve period pain?

Can treadmill exercise relieve period pain?

A new clinical trial finds that treadmill exercise can relieve symptoms of period pain. Exercise might be the last thing that would seem to relieve period pain, but new research suggests that using a treadmill can help. Dysmenorrhea, or period pain, may affect approximately 59% of women, according to a review study from 2012. Around […]

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azelaic acid (Finacea, Azelex)

azelaic acid (Finacea, Azelex)

What is azelaic acid gel, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Azelaic acid is a topical (applied to the skin) medication used for treating acne. Its exact mechanism of action is unknown. Azelaic acid may work as an antibacterial agent that blocks protein synthesis and therefore growth of Propionibacterium acnes and other bacteria […]

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Ringworm

Ringworm

Catching Ringworm From Pets Animals can also be affected by ringworm and may transmit the condition to humans. In this case, ringworm is an example of a zoonotic disease, or a disease transmitted from animals to humans. Although cats are affected by ringworm more than dogs, dogs are also commonly affected. In animals, ringworm causes […]

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clomiphene, Clomid

clomiphene, Clomid

What is clomiphene, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Clomiphene is an oral medication used for stimulating ovulation. It binds to estrogen receptors in the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, ovary, endometrium, vagina, and cervix. It causes production of hormones (gonadotropins) by the pituitary which stimulates ovulation. The FDA approved clomiphene in February 1967. What […]

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dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)

dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)

What is dexmethylphenidate, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Dexmethylphenidate is a medication used for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is chemically similar to methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta). It stimulates the central nervous system (CNS or brain) in a manner that is similar to amphetamines; however, its actions are milder than amphetamines. […]

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Dangerous UTIs Can Follow Hospital Patients Home

Dangerous UTIs Can Follow Hospital Patients Home

By Kayla McKiskiHealthDay Reporter Latest Senior Health News TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For the sick or elderly, a urinary tract infection (UTI) can prove deadly. With many vulnerable patients developing UTIs post-discharge, a new study suggests that better monitoring is needed after leaving the hospital. Researchers at Oregon State University explored more […]