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Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Osteoarthritis

What is the difference between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis? Picture of Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Osteoarthritis While both rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis can lead to significant joint destruction and functional disability, there are many basic differences between these two forms of arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis is a destructive autoimmune joint disease that features inflammation in […]

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Shoulder Bursitis

Source: WebMD What is shoulder bursitis? A bursa is a tiny fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. The plural of bursa is bursae. There are 160 bursae in the body. The major bursae are located adjacent to the tendons near the large joints, such as […]

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Simponi, Simponi Aria (golimumab)

What is Simponi (golimumab)? How does it work (mechanism of action)? Golimumab is an injectable synthetic (man-made) protein that binds to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) in the body and blocks the effects of TNFα in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, or ankylosing spondylitis. As a result, the inflammation caused by these diseases and […]

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Trigger Finger (Stenosing Tenosynovitis)

What is trigger finger? Trigger finger can cause any digits of the hand to lock when opening or closing. Trigger finger is a “snapping” or “locking” condition of any of the digits of the hand when opening or closing. Stenosing tenosynovitis is the medical term for trigger finger. What causes trigger finger? Local swelling from […]

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Bone Spurs

Bone spur facts Picture of the metatarsal (foot) and calcaneus (heel) bones, the plantar fascia ligament, and the Achilles tendon of the lower leg and foot A bone spur (osteophyte) is a tiny pointed outgrowth of bone. Bone spurs are usually caused by local inflammation, such as from degenerative arthritis (osteoarthritis) or tendonitis. Bone spurs develop […]

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Study Spots Ties Between Rheumatoid Arthritis, Other Diseases

Latest Arthritis News WEDNESDAY, Nov. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — People with inflammatory bowel disease, type 1 diabetes or blood clots may be at increased risk for rheumatoid arthritis — and people with rheumatoid arthritis are at added risk for heart disease, blood clots and sleep apnea, researchers say. Their findings could improve understanding of […]

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tocilizumab (Actemra)

What is tocilizumab, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Tocilizumab is an injectable synthetic (man-made) protein that binds to interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the body and blocks the effects of IL-6 in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Inflammation is the body’s reaction to injury and is a necessary process for the repair of injury. IL-6 […]

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Dislocated Shoulder

What are home remedies for a dislocated shoulder? When a shoulder injury occurs and there is concern about a fracture or dislocation, the patient likely needs to seek medical attention urgently. Initial first aid at the scene may include immobilizing the shoulder, perhaps by placing it into a sling, applying ice packs to the affected […]

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Knee Bursitis

Knee Bursitis Treatment Cortisone Injections Cortisone injections can be used to treat the inflammation of small areas of the body (local injections), or they can be used to treat inflammation that is widespread throughout the body (systemic injections). Examples of conditions for which local cortisone injections are used include inflammation of a bursa (bursitis of […]

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penicillamine (Cuprimine, Depen)

What is penicillamine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Penicillamine is classified as a metal binding (chelating) agent. Penicillamine is a genetic disease that causes excessive copper to accumulate in the body. The mechanism of action of penicillamine in rheumatoid arthritis is unknown but it may be related to reduction of collagen formation. […]