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probenecid, (Benemid – brand no longer available)

What is probenecid, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Probenecid is an oral drug used for reducing blood uric acid levels in patients with hyperuricemia (high uric acid) and/or. High uric acid can cause attacks of gout and kidney stones. Probenecid prevents attacks of gout by reducing uric acid levels in the blood. […]

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galantamine (Razadyne, Razadyne ER)

galantamine (Razadyne, Razadyne ER)

What is galantamine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Galantamine is in a class of drugs called cholinesterase inhibitors that also includes tacrine (Cognex), donezepil (Aricept), and rivastigmine (Exelon). Cholinesterase inhibitors inhibit (block) the action of acetylcholinesterase, the enzyme responsible for the destruction of acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is one of several neurotransmitters in the […]

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chlorpheniramine, pseudoephedrine (Deconamine – discontinued)

What is chlorpheniramine, pseudoephedrine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Deconamine was a brand name medication that contains two different drugs, an antihistamine (chlorpheniramine) and a decongestant (pseudoephedrine). The antihistamine effects of chlorpheniramine account for its effect of reducing allergy symptoms. The decongestant action of pseudoephedrine is a result of blood vessel constriction […]

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What to know about birth control nausea

What to know about birth control nausea

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What to know about ingrown toenail surgery

What to know about ingrown toenail surgery

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Schizophrenia: Genes related to circadian rhythms may be disrupted

Schizophrenia: Genes related to circadian rhythms may be disrupted

New research examines the brains of people with schizophrenia and finds disrupted patterns of expression in genes linked with sleep-wake cycles. New research into schizophrenia finds disruptions in the rhythmicity with which some genes are expressed in the brain. Worldwide, schizophrenia is one of the top 15 leading causes of disability, affecting about 1% of […]

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Study finds ‘disturbingly’ high levels of ‘ugly cholesterol’

Study finds ‘disturbingly’ high levels of ‘ugly cholesterol’

New research shows that levels of remnant particle cholesterol, also known as “ugly cholesterol,” in the blood are much higher than experts previously thought. New research points to high levels of remnant cholesterol in the blood. This research explored the link between remnant cholesterol and cardiovascular disease and came to an alarming conclusion. Researchers from […]

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Benzodiazepines (Benzodiazepine Drug Class)

Benzodiazepines (Benzodiazepine Drug Class)

What are benzodiazepines, and how do they work (mechanism of action)? Benzodiazepines are man-made medications that cause mild to severe depression of the nerves within the brain (central nervous system) and sedation (drowsiness). Seizures, anxiety, and other diseases that require benzodiazepine treatment may be caused by excessive activity of nerves in the brain. These drugs […]