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Bruised heels and how to treat them

Bruised heels and how to treat them

A bruised heel happens when an injury crushes blood vessels in the muscles and soft tissue of the heel. Repetitive movements and overuse injuries, such as from jogging in ill-fitting shoes, can cause this bruising. In most cases, elevation, ice, and rest can ease the pain. A bruise to the heel, sometimes called a heel […]

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What causes Achilles tendon pain?

What causes Achilles tendon pain?

The Achilles tendon connects the heel bone to the calf muscles at the back of the ankle. Pain in this tendon can result from a tear or rupture of the tendon or from tendinitis, which doctors may also refer to as tendinosis or tendinopathy. The Achilles tendon is a bundle of strong fibers that support […]

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Osteoporosis: New tools help pinpoint potential risk genes

Osteoporosis: New tools help pinpoint potential risk genes

A combination of powerful tools has helped scientists identify two new genes that could contribute to osteoporosis through their effect on bone density. The finding could lead to better treatments for the bone-weakening disease. It may soon be possible to predict osteoporosis before it develops. The study, by researchers at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia […]

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How to treat a dislocated finger

How to treat a dislocated finger

A dislocated finger occurs when a finger bone slips out of its joint. Sports injuries, falls, and accidents can cause a finger or thumb to dislocate. Dislocating a finger or thumb can be extremely painful and distressing. Although dislocation is not a life-threatening emergency, it is still important to seek prompt medical attention. This article […]

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What to know about muscle strain

What to know about muscle strain

Muscle strain occurs when a muscle becomes overstretched or works too hard. People can often treat muscle strains at home and use specific exercises to speed up their recovery.Muscle strains vary in severity depending on how much damage the muscle fibers sustain. Strains range from mild overexertion to a partial or complete tear of the […]

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What to know about DEXA scans

What to know about DEXA scans

A DEXA scan usually assesses or measures bone density. It may also have uses in determining body composition, such as the percentage of lean muscle and fat. The dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan uses two low-energy X-ray beams, which doctors direct toward the bones. Using dual energy levels separates the images into two components, including […]