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What to know about executive function disorder

What to know about executive function disorder

Executive function is a broad group of mental skills that enable people to complete tasks and interact with others. An executive function disorder can impair a person’s ability to organize themselves and control their behavior. However, executive function disorder is not a specific, standalone diagnosis or condition. Instead, neurological, mental health, and behavioral disorders, such […]

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Brain changes may explain why exercise relieves autism in mice

Brain changes may explain why exercise relieves autism in mice

Exercise appears to alter the brain in ways that can reduce some of the characteristics of autism in mice. In a mouse model, exercise helped remove surplus connections between neurons, which is a hallmark of autism. In mice bred to model autism spectrum disorder (ASD), scientists at the University of Tokyo in Japan found that […]

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Autism and the gut microbiome: Further evidence strengthens link

Autism and the gut microbiome: Further evidence strengthens link

Gut bacteria may contribute directly to the development of autism-like behaviors, according to the results of a new study in mice. Examining gut bacteria reveals new clues about autism. In their study, which features in the journal Cell, researchers from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in Pasadena built on the work of previous studies […]

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Through my eyes: High functioning autism

Through my eyes: High functioning autism

At the risk of explaining the obvious to the neurotypicals — people not on the autistic spectrum — in the audience, I know that I am not every autistic person. I can only speak of my experience as a thirtysomething white cis man who grew up in semirural Hertfordshire. ‘You don’t seem autistic’ is something […]

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Levels of autism: Everything you need to know

Levels of autism: Everything you need to know

Autism is a spectrum disorder that causes social and behavioral problems. There are three different levels of autism, which range from mild to severe. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about one in 59 children have autism. Signs of the condition are usually present at a young age, but occasionally people […]

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Researchers look at the link between gut bacteria and autism

Researchers look at the link between gut bacteria and autism

New research looks to the gut microbiome to try to address some of the symptoms associated with autism, but this investigation comes with its own set of problems. New research looks at the importance of gut bacteria in autism. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke explain that “[a]utism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to […]

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MMR vaccine does not cause autism, even in those most at risk

MMR vaccine does not cause autism, even in those most at risk

A new large-scale Danish study searches for connections between autism and the MMR vaccine. In particular, they investigate at-risk individuals. Once again, no links are found. The latest study to look at MMR vaccines and autism goes an extra step. The furor surrounding vaccines and their relationship with autism has been rumbling along for decades. […]

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What to know about autism

What to know about autism

Autism or autism spectrum disorder causes a person to establish repetitive behavioral patterns and often impairs their social interactions with other people. Doctors typically diagnose autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in childhood when symptoms can occur before 3 years of age, according to the American Autism Association. In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control […]

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What does autism look like in the brain?

What does autism look like in the brain?

People on the autism spectrum often dislike exposure to unexpected stimuli, but why is that? New research takes a look at what happens in the brain, and how that relates to a person’s ability to tolerate exposure to various stimuli. What happens in the brains of people with autism? “People with autism do not like […]

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Autism: What is the link with zinc?

Autism: What is the link with zinc?

Earlier research indicated an association between zinc and autism. However, until now, understanding the connection has been challenging. A new study lifts the lid on the zinc-autism connection. A new study, published in Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience, suggests that a zinc deficiency in early childhood may contribute to autism. Autism, or autism spectrum disorder, tends […]