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insulin glargine (Lantus)

insulin glargine (Lantus)

What is insulin glargine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Insulin glargine is a bioengineered (man-made) injectable form of long-acting insulin that is used to regulate sugar (glucose) levels in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Individuals with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin on their own; and individuals with type 2 […]

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promethazine and codeine, Phenergan with Codeine

promethazine and codeine, Phenergan with Codeine

What is promethazine and codeine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Promethazine is in a class of drugs called phenothiazines which also includes chlorpromazine, and trifluoperazine; however, unlike the other drugs in this class, promethazine is not used as an anti-psychotic but rather as an anti-histamine, sedative, antiemetic (anti-nausea), and cough suppressant. Cells […]

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adalimumab (Humira)

What is adalimumab, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Rheumatoid arthritis Humira is indicated for reducing signs and symptoms, inducing major clinical response, inhibiting the progression of structural damage, and improving physical function in adult patients with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis. HUMIRA can be used alone or in combination with methotrexate […]

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How 3D printing allows scientists to grow new human hairs

How 3D printing allows scientists to grow new human hairs

Researchers from Columbia University have found a way of using 3D printing technology to simulate human scalp skin and thus allow new human hairs to grow. They can then transplant the new hair to the scalp of people experiencing hair loss. A new 3D printing technique has allowed researchers to grow hair from stem cells […]

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Too much iron may cause skin infections

Too much iron may cause skin infections

One global study that investigated the role of iron in a variety of health conditions has found that excess iron may lead to a higher risk of bacterial skin infections. Excessive iron levels may be linked to skin infections such as abscesses. Iron is an essential mineral. All human cells contain some iron, but around […]

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Cognitive decline: A personalized approach could be key

Cognitive decline: A personalized approach could be key

Researchers have designed a brain aging model to investigate the factors that contribute to cognitive decline, borrowing principles from precision medicine. How can we tackle cognitive decline? Cognitive decline affects a person’s ability to focus, remember, and make decisions. Its severity can range from mild to severe, and it may lead to dementia, in the […]

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Letter from the Editor: It’s good to laugh

Letter from the Editor: It’s good to laugh

“Laughter is an instant vacation,” American comedian Milton Berle once said. After Medical News Today‘s annual summer party, I have to agree. The MNT editorial team had lots of fun at the annual summer party. In previous years, MNT‘s summer party events have included community gardening and a rocky, but joyous boat trip. This year, […]

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How childhood viral infections may later drive multiple sclerosis

How childhood viral infections may later drive multiple sclerosis

Childhood viral infections that reach the brain may prime it for the development of autoimmune conditions, such as multiple sclerosis, later in life — this is what a recent study that scientists conducted in mice seems to suggest. Could viral infections that occur during childhood ‘pave the way’ for MS later in life? Recent research […]