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methimazole, Tapazole

methimazole, Tapazole

What is methimazole, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Methimazole is used to treat an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism). Grave’s disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. Grave’s disease is an autoimmune disease resulting from antibodies that attach to receptors on thyroid hormone-producing cells in the thyroid gland and trigger overproduction of […]

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Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism

What causes hypothyroidism? Hypothyroidism is a very common condition. Approximately 3% to 4% of the U.S. population has some form of hypothyroidism. This type of thyroid disorder is more common in women than in men, and its incidence increases with age. Examples of common causes of hypothyroidism in adults include Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, an autoimmune form […]

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liothyronine sodium, Cytomel, Triostat

liothyronine sodium, Cytomel, Triostat

What is liothyronine sodium, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Liothyronine sodium is a synthetic (man-made) version of one of the two hormones made by the thyroid gland, triiodothyronine. It is used for treating individuals who are hypothyroid (do not produce enough thyroid hormones). Thyroid hormones increase the metabolism (activity) of all cells […]

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Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism

What causes hyperthyroidism? Some common causes of hyperthyroidism include: Graves’ Disease Functioning adenoma and toxic multinodular goiter (TMNG) Excessive intake of thyroid hormones Abnormal secretion of TSH Thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland) Excessive iodine intake Graves’ disease Graves’ disease, which is caused by a generalized overactivity of the thyroid gland, and is the most […]

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Concerta vs. Vyvanse for ADHD

Concerta vs. Vyvanse for ADHD

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Cancer Risk Rises After Iodine Rx for Overactive Thyroid: Study

Cancer Risk Rises After Iodine Rx for Overactive Thyroid: Study

Latest Thyroid News MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients who receive radioactive iodine treatment for an overactive thyroid have an increased long-term risk of cancer death, new research finds. The study couldn’t prove cause-and-effect, but “we identified a clear dose-response relationship between this widely used treatment and long-term risk of death from solid […]

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Thyroid Replacement Hormones

Thyroid Replacement Hormones

What are thyroid replacement hormones and how do they work? Thyroid replacement hormones are medications used to treat hypothyroidism, a condition in which the production of thyroid hormone in the body is abnormally low. Thyroid hormones increase cellular metabolism (activity of cells) that is responsible for growth, development of tissues, maintenance of brain function, body […]