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Chronic venous insufficiency: What to know

Chronic venous insufficiency: What to know

Venous insufficiency occurs when the valves in a person’s veins do not work properly. This means that the veins are less able to transport blood back to the heart. Venous insufficiency is fairly common. According to the Society for Vascular Surgery, it affects up to 40 percent of people in the United States. It is […]

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LEEP procedure: What to expect

LEEP procedure: What to expect

LEEP stands for loop electrosurgical excision procedure. Doctors perform them to detect or treat cervical cancer. During a LEEP, an electrical current passes through a loop of wire. A doctor uses the wire to cut abnormal cells from the cervix. They send a sample of these cells to a laboratory to detect signs of cancer […]

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Missed periods and ovarian cancer

Missed periods and ovarian cancer

A person may miss a period for a number of common reasons. Ovarian cancer is a rare cause of a missed period. Ovarian cancer affects the ovaries, which are female reproductive organs that sit on either side of the uterus, or womb. This type of cancer may develop from various cell types in the ovaries […]

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How your imagination can help you overcome your fears

How your imagination can help you overcome your fears

In your imagination, you can do anything. Riding a dragon? Piece of cake. Imagination is what fuels creativity and allows us to come up with innovative solutions. New research assessing brain scans shows that our imagination can also help us get rid of our anxieties and fears. Your imagination is a powerful tool that you […]

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What to know about high blood pressure during pregnancy

What to know about high blood pressure during pregnancy

A woman can develop high blood pressure, or hypertension, at any point during pregnancy. High blood pressure is affecting more and more pregnant women. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the number of pregnant women who developed high blood pressure in the United States almost doubled between 1993 and 2014. High […]

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Diabetes: Are you over-monitoring your blood sugar?

Diabetes: Are you over-monitoring your blood sugar?

Many people living with type 2 diabetes monitor their blood sugar levels on a daily basis, but does that really make a difference to health? A new study suggests that they may be over-monitoring. Many people with type 2 diabetes are testing their blood sugar levels too often, new research finds. According to a recent […]

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What is the normal pH range for urine?

What is the normal pH range for urine?

Urine comprises water, salts, and waste products from the kidneys. The balance of these compounds can affect the urine’s acidity levels, which specialists measure in pH. The pH is the measurement of how acidic or alkaline a person’s urine is. Doctors often test the urine pH, and they may perform other diagnostic tests, when a […]

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What causes pelvic pain?

What causes pelvic pain?

The pelvis is the area of the body below the abdomen or belly. There are many different organs and structures in the pelvis, including blood vessels, nerves, reproductive structures, bladder and urinary structures, and the bowel and rectum. There are many different causes of pain in the pelvis. In this article, we investigate possible causes […]

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What is female ejaculation?

What is female ejaculation?

Female ejaculation is when a female’s urethra expels fluid during sex. It can happen when a female becomes sexually aroused, but there is not necessarily an association with having an orgasm. Scientists do not fully understand female ejaculation, and there is limited research on how it works and its purpose. Female ejaculation is perfectly normal, […]

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Prostate cancer and back pain

Prostate cancer and back pain

Chronic back pain can sometimes be a symptom of advanced prostate cancer. However, there are many other possible causes of back pain. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland that sits below the bladder and wraps around the urethra. This gland is part of the male reproductive system and is involved in the production of semen. […]