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Levaquin (levofloxacin) vs. Keflex (cephalexin)

Levaquin (levofloxacin) vs. Keflex (cephalexin)

Levaquin vs. Keflex: What’s the difference? Levaquin (levofloxacin) and Keflex (cephalexin) are antibiotics used to treat bacterial infections of the sinuses, skin, lungs, ears, airways, bones, joints and urinary tract. Levaquin (levofloxacin) is also used to treat prostatitis; infectious diarrhea caused by E. coli, Campylobacter jejuni, and Shigella; obstetric infections, including mastitis (infection of the […]

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Cefdinir vs. Cefpodoxime

Cefdinir vs. Cefpodoxime

Cefdinir vs. Cefpodoxime: What’s the difference? Cefdinir and cefpodoxime are cephalosporin antibiotics used to treat a variety of infections. The brand name for cefdinir called Omnicef and the brand name for cefpodoxime called Vantin are discontinued in the U.S. Side effects of cefdinir and cefpodoxime that are similar include diarrhea or loose stools, nausea, vomiting, […]

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albuterol and ipratropium inhaler (Combivent Respimat)

albuterol and ipratropium inhaler (Combivent Respimat)

What is albuterol and ipratropium inhaler, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Albuterol/ipratropium is a combination product consisting of two bronchodilators, albuterol (Proventil; Ventolin) and ipratropium (Atrovent) that is used in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (bronchitis and emphysema) when there is evidence of spasm (narrowing) of the airways (bronchi). Bronchodilators […]

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lidocaine and prilocaine (EMLA)

lidocaine and prilocaine (EMLA)

What is lidocaine w/prilocaine cream, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Lidocaine and prilocaine is a topical anesthetic cream. Lidocaine and prilocaine enter through the skin and block pain receptors in nerve endings. Lidocaine and prilocaine reduce conduction of nerve impulses by interrupting the transfer of sodium ions across the membranes of nerve […]

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Primsol (trimethoprim)

Primsol (trimethoprim)

What is Primsol (trimethoprim) and how does it work? Primsol is a synthetic (man-made) antibiotic that interferes with the production of tetrahydrofolic acid, a chemical that is necessary in order for bacteria and human cells to produce proteins. Trimethoprim inhibits production of tetrahydrofolic acid by inhibiting the enzyme responsible for making tetrahydrofolic acid from dihydrofolic […]

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dextrose monohydrate solution

dextrose monohydrate solution

What is dextrose solution-intravenous, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Dextrose monohydrate is sterile intravenous solution for fluid replenishment. Intravenous administration of dextrose solution provides a source of water and glucose ( sugar), giving patients fluid and energy. What brand names are available for dextrose solution-intravenous? N/A Is dextrose solution-intravenous available as a […]

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bupivacaine (Marcaine, Sensorcaine)

bupivacaine (Marcaine, Sensorcaine)

What is bupivicaine injection, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Bupivacaine is a local anesthetic that is similar to lidocaine and mepivacaine (amide type). Bupivacaine, like other local anesthetics reduces the flow of sodium in and out of nerves. This decreases the initiation and transfer of nerve signals in the area in which […]

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fexofenadine (Allegra, Mucinex Allergy)

fexofenadine (Allegra, Mucinex Allergy)

What is fexofenadine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Fexofenadine is an oral, “second generation” antihistamine that is used to treat the signs and symptoms of allergy and hives. It is similar to the other second generation antihistamines loratadine (Claritin), cetirizine (Zyrtec) and azelastine (Astelin). Histamine is a chemical that is responsible for […]

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arnica (arnica montana, Arnicare, Arniflora)

arnica (arnica montana, Arnicare, Arniflora)

What is arnica (Arnica montana)-topical, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Arnica montana is a homeopathic topical pain relief agent. Its mechanism of action is not well known. Arnica preparations have shown wound healing, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and pain relieving properties. Arnica’s actions may be due to two chemicals called helenalin and dihyrdohelenalin. These […]

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Drug Interactions

Drug Interactions

What facts should I know about drug interactions? Whenever two or more drugs are being taken, there is a chance that there will be an interaction among the drugs. The interaction may increase or decrease the effectiveness of the drugs or their side effects. The likelihood of drug interactions increases as the number of drugs […]