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butorphanol (Stadol)

butorphanol (Stadol)

What is butorphanol? What is butorphanol used for? Butorphanol is a synthetic opioid narcotic pain reliever. It prevents pain in a similar way as morphine (MS Contin), hydrocodone (Zohydro), oxycodone (Oxycontin), and other opioids. Like other opioids, it stimulates receptors in the brain to increase the threshold to pain (the amount of stimulation it takes […]

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amikacin sulfate

amikacin sulfate

What is amikacin injection, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Amikacin is a man-made aminoglycoside antibiotic. It is similar to tobramycin and gentamicin. Amikacin binds to components of bacteria that produce important bacterial proteins, blocking protein synthesis which eventually leads to stopping further bacterial growth. Amikacin is used to treat infections caused by […]

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Protopic Ointment vs. Triamcinolone

Protopic Ointment vs. Triamcinolone

Protopic ointment vs. triamcinolone: What’s the difference? Protopic ointment (acrolimus) and triamcinolone are used to treat atopic dermatitis (eczema). Triamcinolone is also used to relieve skin inflammation, itching, dryness, and redness caused by a number of conditions such as allergic reactions and psoriasis. Protopic ointment is an immunosuppressive and triamcinolone is a corticosteroid. Side effects […]

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Nitrates vs. Phosphates

Nitrates vs. Phosphates

Nitrates vs. phosphates: What’s the difference? Nitrates are vasodilators used to treat or prevent heart pain (angina, chest pain) caused by heart disease, usually of the arteries in the heart. Phosphates are laxatives used to clean out the intestines before a colonoscopy. Examples of nitrates include nitroglycerin sublingual tablet (Nitrostat), nitroglycerin lingual aerosol (Nitromist), nitroglycerin […]

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gold sodium thiomalate; aurothiomalate, Myochrysine

gold sodium thiomalate; aurothiomalate, Myochrysine

What is aurothiomalate, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Gold sodium thiomalate is a gold-containing chemical (salt) used in treating rheumatoid arthritis. Other gold salts available include injectable aurothioglucose (Solganal) and oral auranofin (Ridaura). It is not well understood exactly how gold salts work. In patients with inflammatory arthritis, such as adult and […]

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Diprolene (betamethasone dipropionate) vs. Topicort (desoximetasone)

Diprolene (betamethasone dipropionate) vs. Topicort (desoximetasone)

Diprolene (betamethasone dipropionate) vs. Topicort (desoximetasone): What’s the difference? Betamethasone and desoximetasone are corticosteroids used to relieve itching and inflammation associated with a wide variety of skin conditions such as allergic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, and plaque psoriasis. Brand names of betamethasone include Diprolene, Diprolene AF and Luxiq. A brand name for desoximetasone is […]

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Valium (diazepam) vs. Ambien (zolpidem)

Valium (diazepam) vs. Ambien (zolpidem)

Diazepam vs. Ambien: What’s the difference? Valium (diazepam) and Ambien (zolpidem) are used to treat insomnia. Diazepam is primarily used to treat anxiety, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, seizures, for relief of muscle spasms in some neurological diseases, and for sedation during surgery. Brand names for diazepam include Valium, Diastat Acudial, Diastat, and Diazepam Intensol. Diazepam and […]

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azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate (Dymista)

azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate (Dymista)

What is azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Dymista is a prescription nasal spray used to treat symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis (inflammation of the lining of the nose) such as runny nose, stuffy nose, itching, and sneezing. Dymista contains two medicines, azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate, which […]

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Digoxin vs. digitalis

Digoxin vs. digitalis

Digoxin vs. digitalis: What’s the difference? Digoxin and digitalis are cardiac glycosides that are derived from the same plant, the foxglove, used to treat adults with mild to moderate congestive heart failure and to treat abnormally rapid atrial rhythms (atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, atrial tachycardia). Digoxin also is used for increasing myocardial contractility in pediatric […]

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Haldol (haloperidol) vs. Abilify (aripiprazole)

Haldol (haloperidol) vs. Abilify (aripiprazole)

Haldol (haloperidol) vs. Abilify (aripiprazole): What’s the difference? Haloperidol and Abilify (aripiprazole) are antipsychotic medications used to treat schizophrenia and Tourette’s syndrome. Haloperidol is also used to treat acute psychosis. Abilify is also used to treat bipolar disorder, irritability associated with autistic disorder, and it is used with other medications to treat major depression in […]