(HealthDay News) — If you have high cholesterol, you are at greater risk of developing a number of health problems, such as heart disease and stroke, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

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High cholesterol often lacks symptoms, so cholesterol should be checked early in life, between ages 9 and 12, between ages 17 and 19, and at least every five years in adulthood.

The CDC suggests how to manage your cholesterol:

  • Eat healthy foods that are high in fiber. Limit those that are high in saturated fats or trans fats, sugar, and salt.
  • Get at least 2 1/2 hours of moderate exercise every week.
  • Do not smoke.
  • Take medicine, if necessary, to maintain healthy cholesterol.

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