What is zonisamide-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?

  • Scientists do not known how exactly zonisamide works in the body. Zonisamide is presumed to work on the sodium and calcium channels in the brain cells where it controls electric-currents that are responsible for seizure activity.
  • The FDA approved zonisamide in March 2000.
  • The brand name for zonisamide is Zonergran.
  • Zonisamide is available in generic form. You need a prescription to obtain zonisamide.

What is zonisamide-oral used for?

Zonisamide (Zonergan) is an anti-seizure medication. Zonisamide is primarily used to treat partial-seizures.

What is the dosage for zonisamide-oral?

The recommended starting dose of zonisamide is 100 mg/day. Doses may be increased 100 mg/day every 2 weeks. The usual dosage varies from 100 to 600 mg/day, administered in 1 to 2 divided doses.

Safe and effective use of zonisamide is not established for children under the age of 16.

Which drugs or supplements interact with zonisamide-oral?

Zonisamide increases the risk of lactic acid build up when combined with metformin (Glucophage). If you experience sudden weakness, heavy breathing, and increased drowsiness, contact your healthcare professional immediately.

Orlistat (Xenical) should be used with caution with zonisamide because it lowers the beneficial effects of zonisamide and increases the chances of seizures. If you experience dizziness, drowsiness, difficulty walking, nausea, vomiting, and abnormal eye movements, contact your healthcare professional immediately.

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Medically Reviewed on 11/14/2019


Medically reviewed by John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
FDA Prescribing Information.