What is oral ephedrine?
- Ephedrine directly stimulates alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors and increases the release of norepinephrine.
- Its actions include relaxation of bronchioles, increased heart rate and contractility, and increased blood pressure.
- It also causes blood vessels in the nasal passages to shrink (vasoconstrict). Vasoconstriction reduces nasal congestion by preventing fluid from draining from blood vessels into the lining of the nasal passages.
- Ephedrine is also a central nervous system stimulant used illegally for weight loss and for performance enhancement diet supplements.
Is oral ephedrine available as a generic drug?
Do I need a prescription for oral ephedrine?
Why is oral ephedrine prescribed to patients?
What are the side effects of oral ephedrine?
Common side effects include:
Possible serious side effects include:
What is the dosage for oral ephedrine?
- A dose of 12.5 to 25 mg orally every 4 hours, not to exceed 150 mg in 24 hour has be used for treating bronchospasm.
- The dose for treating nasal congestion in adults is 25 to 50 mg every 6 hours.
Which drugs or supplements interact with oral ephedrine?
What else should I know about oral ephedrine?
What preparations of oral ephedrine are available?
How should I keep oral ephedrine stored?
- Ephedrine tablets should be stored at room temperature.
Is oral ephedrine safe to use during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
Medically Reviewed on 3/1/2019
FDA Prescribing Information