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What causes patches of dry skin?

What causes patches of dry skin?

Dry skin patches can have many causes, including allergies, dermatitis, and psoriasis. Determining the cause of dry skin allows a person to find the right treatment. Dry skin is a common problem during the winter months, when the skin is exposed to colder temperatures and lower levels of moisture in the air. In these cases, […]

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How to identify and treat scaling skin: A picture guide

How to identify and treat scaling skin: A picture guide

Scaling skin is dry, cracked, or flaky skin. Also known as desquamation, scaling skin happens when the outer layer of the skin, called the epidermis, begins to flake off. Scaling skin may arise when an injury or a medical condition damages the outer layer of skin. Some conditions interfere with the structure and moisture content […]

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Herpes simplex: Everything you need to know

Herpes simplex: Everything you need to know

Herpes simplex is a viral infection that typically affects the mouth, genitals, or anal area. It is contagious and can cause outbreaks of sores and other symptoms. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a highly prevalent infection globally, with the most common type affecting around 3.7 billion people under the age of 50 years. It spreads […]

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How to identify baby acne vs. a rash

How to identify baby acne vs. a rash

Baby acne is common and usually clears up on its own. Some rashes may need treatment, however, so it is important to know the difference between baby acne, rashes, and other skin problems. Babies have very sensitive skin, so caregivers may worry that spots or a rash are a sign of an allergic reaction or […]

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HIV and hair loss: What’s the link?

HIV and hair loss: What’s the link?

HIV is a viral infection that attacks the immune system and causes several symptoms and complications. Although people with HIV may experience hair loss, it is not a typical symptom. Other factors, such as medications and co-occurring conditions, may contribute to thinning hair. In this article, we look at the possible causes of hair loss […]

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Could sonic hedgehog be the answer to hair loss?

Could sonic hedgehog be the answer to hair loss?

When skin is wounded, the hair cannot regrow. In a recent study, researchers ask why this is and whether it can be reversed. They conclude that a signaling pathway called the sonic hedgehog may be critical. Though it may seem simple, hair regrowth is complex and mysterious. Hair loss comes in many forms. It can […]

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Causes of mouth sores in people with HIV

Causes of mouth sores in people with HIV

Mouth sores, also known as ulcers, are a common symptom of HIV. Mouth sores can have a profound impact on a person’s quality of life if they do not get treatment. People living with HIV are more likely to develop oral health problems because the virus can weaken the immune system, which makes it harder […]

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What is the link between HIV and shingles?

What is the link between HIV and shingles?

Shingles is a common condition. People with compromised immune systems are more likely to experience shingles, and this includes some people with HIV. In this article, we look at the link between shingles and HIV, possible complications, and treatments. How are shingles and HIV related? A person with HIV can lower their risk of developing […]

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Hair loss: Clues found in the palm of your hand

Hair loss: Clues found in the palm of your hand

A recent study investigates why some parts of the human body remain hairless while others become hirsute. The findings may offer clues to male- and female-pattern baldness. A recent study approaches hair loss from a new direction. Humans have hair in some places but not in others. The tops of our heads are generally replete […]

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What to know about hyperpigmentation

What to know about hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is the name that healthcare professionals give to patches of skin that become darker than surrounding areas of skin. Types of hyperpigmentation include age spots, melasma, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Each of these has different cause and a range of treatments and products, including creams and cosmetic procedures. We discuss these below. What is hyperpigmentation? […]