Posted by
bupivacaine (Marcaine, Sensorcaine)

bupivacaine (Marcaine, Sensorcaine)

What is bupivicaine injection, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Bupivacaine is a local anesthetic that is similar to lidocaine and mepivacaine (amide type). Bupivacaine, like other local anesthetics reduces the flow of sodium in and out of nerves. This decreases the initiation and transfer of nerve signals in the area in which […]

Posted by
fexofenadine (Allegra, Mucinex Allergy)

fexofenadine (Allegra, Mucinex Allergy)

What is fexofenadine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Fexofenadine is an oral, “second generation” antihistamine that is used to treat the signs and symptoms of allergy and hives. It is similar to the other second generation antihistamines loratadine (Claritin), cetirizine (Zyrtec) and azelastine (Astelin). Histamine is a chemical that is responsible for […]

Posted by
arnica (arnica montana, Arnicare, Arniflora)

arnica (arnica montana, Arnicare, Arniflora)

What is arnica (Arnica montana)-topical, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Arnica montana is a homeopathic topical pain relief agent. Its mechanism of action is not well known. Arnica preparations have shown wound healing, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and pain relieving properties. Arnica’s actions may be due to two chemicals called helenalin and dihyrdohelenalin. These […]

Posted by
Drug Interactions

Drug Interactions

What facts should I know about drug interactions? Whenever two or more drugs are being taken, there is a chance that there will be an interaction among the drugs. The interaction may increase or decrease the effectiveness of the drugs or their side effects. The likelihood of drug interactions increases as the number of drugs […]

Posted by
sodium chloride solution (intravenous)

sodium chloride solution (intravenous)

What is sodium chloride solution-intravenous, and how does it work (mechanism of action)? Our body cells are bathed in a watery fluid that contains primary sodium and chloride ions. These molecules play a vital role in maintaining proper fluid balance and keeping our tissues hydrated. Additionally, sodium is involved in many cell processes such as […]

Posted by
aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, Bayer, Ecotrin, and others)

aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, Bayer, Ecotrin, and others)

What is aspirin? How does it work (mechanism of action)? Aspirin is a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) effective in treating fever, pain, and inflammation in the body. It also prevents blood clots (i.e., is antithrombotic). As a group, NSAIDs are non-narcotic relievers of mild to moderate pain of many causes, including Other members of this […]

Posted by
Corticosteroids vs. NSAIDs

Corticosteroids vs. NSAIDs

What are the side effect of corticosteroids and NSAIDs? Corticosteroids Corticosteroids have many side effects that can be mild or serious. These side effects are more apparent when corticosteroids are used at higher doses or for extended periods of time. This section lists only some of these side effects of corticosteroids.Corticosteroids can cause: The prolonged […]

Posted by
Aspirin vs. warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven)

Aspirin vs. warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven)

Aspirin vs. warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven) Aspirin and warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven) are used to prevent blood clots. Aspirin is also used to treat fever, pain, and inflammation in the body. Aspirin and warfarin belong to different drug classes. Aspirin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and warfarin is an anticoagulant. Brand names for aspirin include Bayer […]

Posted by
Aspirin vs. Xarelto (rivaroxaban)

Aspirin vs. Xarelto (rivaroxaban)

Aspirin vs. Xarelto: What’s the difference? Aspirin and Xarelto (rivaroxaban) are anticoagulants used to prevent blood clots (antithrombotics). Aspirin is also used to treat fever, pain, and inflammation in the body. Aspirin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and Xarelto is an anticoagulant (blood thinner). Brand names for aspirin include Bayer Aspirin, Ecotrin, and E.C. […]

Posted by
Aspirin vs. Aleve (Naproxen)

Aspirin vs. Aleve (Naproxen)

Aspirin vs. Aleve (naproxen): What’s the difference? Aspirin and Aleve (naproxen) are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) used to treat fever, pain, and inflammation in the body. Aspirin is also used to prevent blood clots (it is antithrombotic). Brand names for aspirin include Bayer Aspirin, Ecotrin, and E.C. Prin. Both aspirin and Aleve are available over-the-counter […]