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Type 2 diabetes: Using coffee for ‘glucose control’

Type 2 diabetes: Using coffee for ‘glucose control’

One day, people with type 2 diabetes might be able to regulate their blood sugar by drinking tea or coffee, thanks to synthetic biology. Coffee could hold the answer to managing type 2 diabetes. Scientists at ETH Zurich in Switzerland have designed and tested a synthetic gene circuit that responds to beverage concentrations of caffeine. […]

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What causes webbed toes in humans?

What causes webbed toes in humans?

Syndactyly, a condition that causes webbed or fused toes or fingers, is one of the most common types of birth abnormality. Researchers do not understand precisely why webbed digits develop, but, in some cases, there is a definite genetic cause. Usually, surgeons will correct webbed digits when children are quite young to prevent complications. Most […]

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Gene editing for cancer prevention may actually cause cancer

Gene editing for cancer prevention may actually cause cancer

CRISPR-Cas9 is an exciting gene editing tool that scientists hope they will be able to use in preventing cancer. However, a new study warns that the use of this very strategy could actually increase the risk of cancer. Gene editing may help us to keep cancer at bay, scientists have found. But could it also […]

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What is Crouzon syndrome?

What is Crouzon syndrome?

Crouzon syndrome is a rare genetic condition that affects the shape of the head and face. In Crouzon syndrome, certain bones in the skull fuse too soon. This process is called craniosynostosis. There are other effects of this condition and ways to manage them. This article explores the symptoms, treatments, and outlook for Crouzon syndrome. […]

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This gene ups sugar intake but lowers body fat

This gene ups sugar intake but lowers body fat

Do you have a particularly pronounced sweet tooth? According to a recent study, your genes might have a say. The gene that drives higher sugar intake may also cause a lower amount of body fat, researchers say. Do you really like sugary foods? One gene variant may explain why. What and how much we eat […]

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How much of our empathy is down to genes?

How much of our empathy is down to genes?

When you’re going through a tough time, some people seem to know almost instinctively what you need, while others, although well-intended, may not be able to offer the emotional support you’re hoping for. Is this because the ability to empathize is innate, or down to our genetic inheritance? A new study investigates. Our ability to […]

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What is the average height for women?

What is the average height for women?

The average height for a woman varies, depending on where she was born and raised. For a woman raised in the United States, the average height is currently 5 feet 4 inches. This was reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and applies to women over the age of 20. Meanwhile, the […]

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What is Apert syndrome?

What is Apert syndrome?

Apert syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that causes a fetus’ facial and skull bones to fuse together too early in its development. Apert syndrome causes facial and skull abnormalities, which can lead to visual impairments and dental problems. Apert syndrome can also cause abnormalities in the fingers and toes. This article will provide an […]

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All you should know about Waardenburg syndrome

All you should know about Waardenburg syndrome

Waardenburg syndrome refers to several rare genetic diseases that cause hearing loss, changes in the color of the eyes, skin, and hair, and changes in the shape of the face. Researchers have identified four distinct types of the syndrome, though there may be additional subtypes. Waardenburg syndrome is named after D. J. Waardenburg, a Dutch […]

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What is Treacher Collins syndrome?

What is Treacher Collins syndrome?

Treacher Collins syndrome is a rare medical condition caused by a genetic mutation. It affects the development of bones and other tissues of the face and results in abnormalities in the head, face, and ears. Other names for this syndrome are mandibulofacial dysostosis, Treacher Collins-Franceschetti syndrome, Franceschetti-Zwahlen-Klein syndrome, and zygoauromandibular dysplasia. Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) […]