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What to know about multinodular goiter

What to know about multinodular goiter

A goiter refers to an enlarged thyroid gland. Sometimes, a person can have a goiter that has multiple nodules or bumps on it, which is called a multinodular goiter. A toxic goiter is one that makes too much thyroid hormone, resulting in a condition called hyperthyroidism. Most thyroid nodules are harmless, but some can be […]

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Diaphoresis: What causes excessive sweating?

Diaphoresis: What causes excessive sweating?

Diaphoresis refers to excessive sweating for no apparent reason. Often, an underlying medical condition or a natural life event, such as menopause, cause this type of sweating. Sweat is the body’s natural way to control its temperature. A person usually sweats due to physical exertion, raised body temperature, or exposure to heat. The sweat acts […]

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What happens when estrogen levels are low?

What happens when estrogen levels are low?

Estrogen is a hormone that is most often associated with females, although men do produce small amounts. Declining estrogen can lead to a variety of health concerns and symptoms. Although estrogen is primarily associated with female development during puberty and the reproductive cycle, it affects everything from bone health to emotional well-being. Low estrogen levels […]

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Endorphins: Effects and how to increase levels

Endorphins: Effects and how to increase levels

Endorphins are chemicals produced naturally by the nervous system to cope with pain or stress. They are often called “feel-good” chemicals because they can act as a pain reliever and happiness booster. Endorphins are primarily made in the hypothalamus and pituitary glands, though they may come from other parts of the body as well. The […]

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What age do boys stop growing?

What age do boys stop growing?

Growth during puberty happens over an extended period, so it can be difficult to know when it has finished. We explain what to expect and how to know when boys are likely to stop growing. Every individual grows at different rates, and puberty begins and ends at different times for everybody. Puberty can last anywhere […]

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Can you live without a pancreas? What you need to know

Can you live without a pancreas? What you need to know

While it is possible to live without a pancreas, doctors only recommend removing a pancreas when a person has a serious medical condition such as severe recurrent pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer. In most cases, medical treatments can take the place of the pancreas, but people living without a pancreas require diligent monitoring and medical care. […]

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Study: Long-term testosterone therapy improves urinary, sexual function and quality of life

Study: Long-term testosterone therapy improves urinary, sexual function and quality of life

A new study shows a significant improvement in both sexual and urinary function as well as quality of life for hypogonadal men who undergo long-term testosterone replacement therapy. These findings appear in the Journal of Urology. Testosterone is a steroid hormone involved in the regulation of sexual function, urinary health and metabolism as well as […]