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What to know about a Schatzki ring

What to know about a Schatzki ring

A Schatzki ring is a circular band of mucosal tissue that can form at the end of the food pipe closest to the stomach. The ring of tissue causes the food pipe, or esophagus, to narrow. When a ring forms, a person may have no symptoms. Or, they may have difficulty swallowing, which the medical […]

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How much fiber should I eat per day?

How much fiber should I eat per day?

Fiber is an essential part of a healthful diet, and most Americans do not meet the recommended daily guidelines. A less common problem is when a person eats too much fiber too quickly, which can cause digestive problems. It is important to consume the right amount of fiber each day, spread throughout the day. High-fiber […]

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Exploring the unique genes behind our large brains

Exploring the unique genes behind our large brains

A group of genes that is found only in humans and arose in our ancestors 3–4 million years ago may have driven the evolution of our bigger brains. Why are human brains so comparatively large? This revelation — and the work that led up to it — is the subject of two studies now reported […]

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What is a free PSA test and what is it for?

What is a free PSA test and what is it for?

The free prostate-specific antigen test, known as the free PSA test, is used to help detect signs of prostate cancer. The test measures the level of unbound prostate-specific antigen in the blood, which can help doctors to diagnose issues like inflammation of the prostate or cancer. Free PSA tests are often used alongside other PSA […]

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What to expect with bladder removal surgery

What to expect with bladder removal surgery

Bladder removal surgery, also called cystectomy, is the removal of the urinary bladder. After this surgery, a doctor must create a new pathway for urine to leave the body. A person should prepare fully before going into bladder removal surgery, including having an understanding of how their life will be different afterward. Preparation can help […]

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What is biceps tenodesis?

What is biceps tenodesis?

Biceps tenodesis is a surgery to repair the biceps tendon. This procedure is typically used when the biceps tendon causes pain in and around the shoulder. Inflammation and wear and tear to the tendon due to injury, overuse, and aging are some of the common reasons for this type of shoulder pain. Torn tissues or […]

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Could baking soda improve cancer treatment?

Could baking soda improve cancer treatment?

Consuming baking soda may help immunotherapy drugs to fight difficult-to-treat tumors. This cheap and simple intervention may eventually improve current cancer treatments. Baking soda could help to boost immunotherapy. Within tumors, large portions are deprived of oxygen. Scientists know that these hypoxic regions tend to be the most resistant to treatment. If a cell is […]

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Is it bad to eat ice?

Is it bad to eat ice?

Many people who want to cool down or feel refreshed will eat ice or add it to their drink. Sucking on ice cubes can also help people find relief from dry mouth symptoms. However, continually craving ice and crunching on ice cubes could be bad for a person’s teeth and may be a sign of […]

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What causes bleeding into the skin?

What causes bleeding into the skin?

Most people will experience occasional minor bleeding into the skin or bruising, often following an injury. This is usually no cause for concern and is possible to treat at home. However, if the skin bleeding is severe, spontaneous, or chronic, it will generally require medical attention to prevent serious complications. In this article, we look […]

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How to stop or reduce a stutter

How to stop or reduce a stutter

Stuttering is a common condition that causes difficulty speaking fluently. Working with a speech therapist can greatly improve stuttering in the long term, while several strategies can help with managing a stutter on a daily basis. Everyone experiences periods in which speech is not fluent. For some, a stutter can get in the way of […]