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How an autism gene mutation alters brain development

How an autism gene mutation alters brain development

By analyzing the brains of mice, researchers have discovered how mutations in a gene called CHD8 may alter brain development and cognitive functioning to cause autism. Researchers have shed light on how CHD8 gene mutations alter brain development and impair cognitive functioning. Researchers from the United States and Canada found that CHD8 gene mutations altered […]

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Study sheds light on how ovarian cancer spreads

Study sheds light on how ovarian cancer spreads

Long-term goal is to develop treatments that prevent cancer cells from attaching to new sites during metastasis. With 20,000 diagnoses each year, ovarian cancer is the ninth most common cancer and fifth leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States. So many women die from ovarian cancer because it often goes undetected […]

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People with autism may be more rational in their economic choices

People with autism may be more rational in their economic choices

New research examines the decision-making abilities of adults with autism spectrum disorder, suggesting that they may be better at making rational decisions than adults without the condition. New research provides insights into “autistic cognition.” The new study – which is published in the journal Psychological Science – was co-authored by psychology researchers George D. Farmer, […]

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Mechanism shown to reverse disease in arteries

Mechanism shown to reverse disease in arteries

A certain immune reaction is the key, not to slowing atherosclerosis like cholesterol-lowering drugs do, but instead to reversing a disease that gradually blocks arteries to cause heart attacks and strokes. This is the finding of a study in mice led by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center and published online in the Journal of […]

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Type 1 diabetes: Almost half of patients produce insulin

Type 1 diabetes: Almost half of patients produce insulin

Type 1 diabetes is often described as a condition in which the body fails to produce the hormone insulin. New research, however, provides further evidence that not all insulin production is lost with the condition, and this may be down to an anti-inflammatory protein. Researchers have found that many patients with type 1 diabetes still […]

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Could a cholesterol-lowering vaccine replace statins?

Could a cholesterol-lowering vaccine replace statins?

Daily statin use to lower cholesterol may soon be a thing of the past. A new study reveals how a vaccine successfully lowered “bad” cholesterol in mice and reduced atherosclerosis, which is a narrowing of the arteries caused by a buildup of plaque. A vaccine that could reduce LDL cholesterol and atherosclerosis is currently being […]

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Discovery could guide immunotherapy for lung cancer

Discovery could guide immunotherapy for lung cancer

Scientists have discovered a new type of immune cell that could predict which lung cancer patients will benefit most from immunotherapy treatment, according to a Cancer Research UK funded study published in Nature Immunology. Researchers at the University of Southampton and La Jolla Institute for Allergy & Immunology, California, found that lung cancer patients1 with […]