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Threat of novel swine flu viruses in pigs and humans

Threat of novel swine flu viruses in pigs and humans

The wide diversity of flu in pigs across multiple continents, mostly introduced from humans, highlights the significant potential of new swine flu strains emerging, according to a study to be published in eLife. While swine flu viruses have long been considered a risk for human pandemics, and were the source of the 2009 pandemic H1N1 […]

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NIH study finds factors that may influence influenza vaccine effectiveness

NIH study finds factors that may influence influenza vaccine effectiveness

The long-held approach to predicting seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness may need to be revisited, new research suggests. Currently, seasonal flu vaccines are designed to induce high levels of protective antibodies against hemagglutinin (HA), a protein found on the surface of the influenza virus that enables the virus to enter a human cell and initiate infection. […]

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Pancreatic cell transplantation: a breakthrough for type 1 diabetes?

Pancreatic cell transplantation: a breakthrough for type 1 diabetes?

The results of a phase 3 clinical trial are being hailed as a “breakthrough” in the treatment of type 1 diabetes, after finding that transplantation of islet cells – clusters of cells in the pancreas that contain insulin-producing cells – prevented potentially life-threatening reductions in blood sugar among patients with the disease. The study suggests […]